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Anterior cruciate ligament rupture
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Anterior cruciate ligament rupture


What is anterior cruciate ligament rupture?

Anterior cruciate ligament rupture or simply cruciate ligament rupture is one of the most common sports injuries. The anterior cruciate ligament is one of the most important joints for knee stability. Injury to the cruciate ligament occurs during the rotational motion of the knee when at the same time the corresponding foot extremity remains fixed on the ground. It can occur either in contact with the opponent or during the abrupt landing after a jump or fall. High-risk sports are contact sports (football, basketball, handball) and sports that require abrupt changes of course with a risk of falling (skiing).


How is a cruciate ligament injury diagnosed?

The diagnosis of anterior cruciate ligament rupture is made by clinical examination by an orthopedist with experience in sports injuries. The stability of the knee will be checked with special tests and will be compared with the healthy side. The imaging test that will confirm the diagnosis and reveal any concomitant lesions is magnetic resonance imaging. Possible concomitant injuries are meniscus rupture, rupture of the lateral ligament, or injury to the articular cartilage.


What is the treatment for anterior cruciate ligament rupture?

Treatment after anterior cruciate ligament rupture is either conservative or surgical. In the acute phase after the injury, the goal is to reduce the swelling, the pain and to mobilize the patient as soon as possible so that the quadriceps muscle does not atrophy. A ruptured anterior cruciate ligament cannot heal again due to reduced perspiration in the area.

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